Second largest nation in the world in terms to population and seventh in terms of area, India has its own cultural heritage. India is spread on nearly 32,87,263 KMS on the globe and between latitudes 80° 04' and 37 06' North and longitudes 68° 07' and 97° 25' east. It enjoys many climates like summers, rains, autumn, winters and spring. While central part of the nation records record heat during summers, its hilly areas of northern part remain experience extreme cold during winters. The Southwest monsoon covers maximum part of the nation during rainy season and it is very pleasant during spring and autumn which come in March – April and October – November respectively.
India is a Sovereign Democratic Socialist Secular Republic enjoying a parliamentary system of Government. The republic has its own constitution which was adopted by the parliament on January 26, 1950. The country being a union of 28 states and 7 union territories, the constitution is federal in structure but has unitary features.
Earlier there were very few technical institutes imparting higher professional education and most of them were under Government sector. This was resulting in all time shortage of technically qualified personnel. In view of rapid industrial growth in the country the shortage of technically qualified hand were felt more acute and Government of India decided to liberalize its policies as regard to establishing the new technical institutes and with the result several entrepreneurs came forward and established new engineering and other technical institutes in the country. Now in addition to the institutes of Government sector like Indian Institute of Technology (IITs), Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs), Indian Institute of Management (IIMs), Indian Institute of Science (IISCs), National and International level regional and state engineering colleges (NITs) etc, a good number of institutes have come up with excellent infrastructure and teaching – learning facilities. All these institutes are working on self financing basis and have come up at par with any reputed institutes not only of the nation but also of international level.
State of Madhya Pradesh, the Heart of India, is the world's earliest and most highly developed civilization. There are over 1800 magnificent monuments bearing witness to the glory that was the land of Malwa. In this great central plateau of rugged mountain ranges, deep ravines and rushing rivers, there are also vast unexplored tracts of thick forest where some of the country's finest big game roam. It is one of the fastest growing stat of the nation especially in respect to education. Last decade witnessed fast growth in the areas of technical education and various institutes of repute like ABV-IIITM, Gwalior; IIM, Indore; MANIT, Bhopal; IITTM, Gwalior; IIHM, Gwalior etc and private institution like GEC, GIIT, ITM, MPCT. With a vision of Technical Education for 21st Century the Government of Madhya Pradesh has established Technical University at Bhopal - Rajiv Gandhi Prodyogiki Vishwavidyalaya to which all technical institutes of the state are affiliated.
Gwalior is one of the most dynamic and exhilarating cities of Central India. Although Madhya itself is located at the centre of the nation, location of Gwalior is more significant as it is connected with many other states like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Harayana and many others. The nucleus of Gwalior is a citadel crowning, an isolated hill about 91 m high, 3.2 km long, and 823 m. wide. The Gwalior fort built on the hill is said to have been a stronghold for centuries.
History of Gwalior has its own importance. It has been named on a Holy saint Gwalipa who saved life of then ruler of the place Suraj Sen in 8 A.D. who was struck with a deadly disease. He was cured by the saint and as a token of his gratitude Suraj Sen named this place as Gwalior as he was given a new life to Suraj Sen. Another story reveals that this city has been named as Gwalior on the name of Rishi Galav who remained under worship of God for a very long time and by virtue of his prayers this city got prosperity.
The new city of Gwalior became, over the centuries, the cradle of great dynasties and with each, the city gained new dimensions from warrior-kings, poets, musicians and saints, contributing to making it a city renowned throughout the country. Today, Gwalior is a modern Indian city, vibrant and bustling.
The entire city is a visual and aesthetic feast, for the builders of Gwalior were great architects. Take a walk through the streets of the city and you will discover old havelies with exquisitely carved doorways and windows; at almost every street crossing you will find statues of Scindia family members who have contributed to a large extent in making this city to the present shape. Museums and art galleries are treasure houses and beautifully maintained palaces give the city its inimitable regal flavor. Sightseeing in Gwalior is a magical trip into the centuries gone by.
Since located in the heart of the nation, Gwalior enjoys almost all the climates like summer, rain, autumn, winter and spring. All the climates hit the city to their maximum and no other place in the nation has this unique feature.
Gwalior is a well acknowledged place in terms of art. Since long it is enjoying an unmatched reputation in various disciplines of art such as music, sculpture and other arts. There are many evidences of having its history of remaining on top of the world in the various areas of music. For instance the famous singer of the time of Mugal Emperor Akbar, Tansen came from Gwalior and he was placed as on of the jewels, in Navratnas, nine jewels of the court. Tansen today also is recognized as one of the best singers of his time and in his memory every year a festival is organized in Gwalior, in which outstanding musicians participate and pay their homage to the great singer by way of their presentation in the festival. Still many people acknowledge that there is no equal to Tansen in music. Sarod Maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan is also from the Gwalior city. His grandfather Ghulam Ali Khan Bangash became a court musician in Gwalior. Thus in the area of musical art, Gwalior Gharana has been enjoying a reputation, not only in the country but at international level. In August 2005 a mural created by Aasutosh Panigrahi along with five other artists, was acknowledged as World's Largest Indoor Mural by Guinness Book of Records. The artwork was created at Shyam Vatika (Saraswati Estate, near Gola Ka Mandir). Shyam Vatika is one of the largest Auditorium of Gwalior. Culturally Gwalior is the confluence of two rich cultures Bundeli and Braj. Bundelkhand covers Gwalior, Bhind, Morena, Sagar, Shivpuri, Guna, Sheopur and adjoining areas.
Madhya Pradesh, by virtue of its location has been an attraction for big industrial and business houses. If we talk of Gwalior it has two big industrial areas near to it. One is Malanpur and the other one is Banmore. These industrial areas are having giant industries such as Godrej-Boyce, Cadburys, Hotline Glass Limited, HTC, Crompton Greaves, J.K. Tyres, SRF, Surya Roshni, Magnum Steels, Supreme Industries, Britania Industry etc.
City of Gwalior is well connected by all means of transportation viz rail, roadways and air. It is located on the main highway i.e. National Highway – 75 that is connecting Agra and Mumbai.
With the rapid growth of the city, accommodation facilities in the Gwalior have also come up very fast. The facilities are available ranging to match the pocket of a middle class people to higher classes as many five star hotels are available in the city. A wide variety of accommodation is available according to the budget of tourists and for students for their longer stay at Gwalior.
Shopping in Gwalior is going to be a fabulous experience. Markets of the city Gwalior are perhaps the oldest in Madhya Pradesh. The shops in Gwalior have a lineage of centuries and were once patronized by the royalty in Gwalior. Various ranges of art and craft items like lacquer ware, dolls, hand-woven carpets, wall hangings and jewelry are available. Gwalior is famous for its Chanderi sarees.Also there are shopping malls like DD Mall, Salasar are also available in the city.